The foxes of Zorro arrived in Japan at the end of the seventh century. If the first signs of their arrival were modest, they flourished and soon they were one of the basic foods of Japanese folklore. I even did what their Chinese sisters did not do: they were part of theOfficial Religion Accepted.Shaute are the statues of the God of Foxi Ini God in Japan every day, and Inari herself is popularly accepted as a fox.
On the trip through the ocean, the Japanese foxes also lost some of the functions that Chinese foxes fulfill, to drink parties and gossip. The human world and the world of Kitsune do not mix as easily as in China. Kitsune is the stranger,Either a Kami or as a demon, and Japanese stories reveal or do not explore their world.
Stories and gamesResource local
Kitsune: Fox. The standard term for a spiritual fox.
Myobu: heavenly fox. Runs that swore the Inari service.
Nogitsune: Wild Fox.
Youko: Spiit Fox.un inusual terminal.
Books and thesis
Bathgate, michael rThe Shapeshifter Fox: The images of the transformation and transformation of images into Japanese religion and folklore.Chicago: University of Chicago, June 2001. Doctoral thesis.
Black, Carmen.The Katalpa arch: a study by Japanese shamanist practices.Routledge Curzon, 1999.[[Contra]
A complete description of Japanese shamanism, which contains a complete chapter on magical animals, including Kitsune.
Davis, Winston.Dojo: Magic and exorcism in modern Japan.Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1980.[[Contra]
A study of Sukyyo Mahikari sects, a religion that believes in the possession of spiritual and dead. The author describes several cases owned by Fox and exorcism.
Giles, Herbert A.Strange stories from a Chinese study.Shanghai: Kelly y Walsh, 1926.[Contra]
The sweet is so good.The Japanese psyche: main reasons for fairy tales of Japan.Dallas: Spring Publications, 1988.[Contra]
Morishige, Fente, Road B.Cultural construction of foxes.TES (M.A.), University of Cornell,
Nakamura, Kyoko C, B.Wonderful stories of the Japanese Buddhist tradition: Nihon Ryouiki of the Kyoukai monk.Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1973.[Contra]
A translation and discussion about theJapanese area, a series of three books of Buddhist and retrospectively Japanese stories that were observed at the end of the ninth century.Japanese areaIt contains the first Japanese story of the known Japanese ",", ",", "Come to sleep"
Smyers, Karen.The fox and the jewel: common and private meanings in the Japanese Inari todayHonolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1999.[[Contra]
An anthropological report on the incorporation of Inari and the dissemination of foxes in the sanctuaries of Inari de Fushimi Inari in Kyoto and Toyokawa Inari in Aichi. And the foxes slide in the modern Japanese imagination.
Seham, Lucy A.Fumiko garden 'fill'.Ests, Wesleyan University, 1986.
Yôkai: Monster, Fish -Hge cat and symbolic representation in popular culture
Lowry, Dave."Japan travel warning: Be careful with the possible possession of Fox's spirit." I amKoryu.com.
Rubin, Norman A. "Ghosts, demons and ghosts in the Japanese tradition". I amAsianart.com.
Martin, Watts."Atus Rua: Forjigy tuins". I amRanea.org.
A discussion of Japanese foxes such as tricks with parallels from the world's folklore. It exploited several western skusics in foxes.
A discussion list with a Fox reference bibliography.
Preto, Carmen. "Hexenteters", EmKatalpa's book, S. 51-68
Couple, including "Dachs and hikers and other hexato animals in Japan."Folk studies18: 1-93.1959.
"Japanese dogs"It is an extract of" The Goblin Fuchs and Badger and other hexous animals from Japan "that organizedRemunerationThe dog is traditionally the deadly enemy of the fox, but this extract shows some fascinating parallel between dogs/spirit spirit and foxes.
De Visser, M.W."The Fox and the team in Japanese folklore."Transactions of Japan Asian Society36 (3): 1-159.1908.
Goff, Janet. "Corros in Japanese culture: beautiful or animal?"Quarterly Japan44: (2) (April-Junho 1997): 67-77.
Goff, Janet. "Foxes and transformation in the classic Japanese theater."Boletin der Japan Foundation19 (3) (December): 12-17.1991.
Greg, Greg. "Kitsune: The remarkable Japanese fox".South Folklore Quarterly38 (2): 121-134.
Heine, Steven. "The 'Fuchs' back to 'Wild Fox Koan': the interface of the philosophical and popular religious elements in the Ch'an/Zen -Koan tradition."Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, Volume 56, edition 2 (December 1996), pp.257-317.
This is Ichirô.Popular religion in Japan: continuity and change.Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968.
Johnson, T.W. "Fox Lore del Distano Oriente".Asian folk studies33: 35-68.1974.
Kawai Hayao. "Beauty in Japanese Fairy stories."Rudolf Ethzema, ed. ,,Seno Conference: Beauty of the World.Frankfurt: Insel Verlag.
Krappe, Alexander H. "Lore of the Fox of the Extreme East".California quarterly folklore3 (2): 124-147.1944.
Sasaki Genjun H. "Obsession by fox in Japan: the Indian background."Shakti5 (3): 27-29.1968.
Uy, Marian. "A HEIAN note about the supernatural."Japanese Association Magazine22 (2): 189-194.1988.
Yanagida Kunio. "Sleep Japanese lk ta s".Folk studies51 (1): 1-97.
Catalog and exhibition "Things Bump Bump" - Ghosts and Demons in Japanese Art. Japanese Art Museum, Haifa, Israel - singer of Ilana, Head of Curator.
Volker, T.The animal in the art of the east and especially in the art of Japanese networks with references to origins, traditions, legends and Chinese art.Leiden: Rill, 1950.
Some of the impressions are connected to Fox. I even sample a funny variant of Jan-Ken-Pon, in which the fox wins the director, the boss hits the weapon and the weapon hits the fox.
anime and manga
The anime and kitsune manga represent fun and disappointment. They allowed all their old religious connotations without fighting for enlightenment, without immoral mortals, without sexual parasitism.
And very little sexual responsibility for saying strange. Play kitsune qualities in anime and manga characters in fanficial arts, fanfiction and fan of fan (doujinshi). For an animated example, read fan of fan languages in English and the Japanese Doujinshi on Kurama de Kurama ofYuu Yuu Hakusho.
Although I suggested that the popular qualities on which fans focus are the sexual attraction of kitsunes, fans like to play with other aspects of the vulpine nature of Kitsune characters. For example, inFox tripMizushima Yui makes the worthy and reserved search for Kitsune Kurama for Ino-Zuhi as a puppy.
Shouko The White Princess of Fox (Byako at the Himezama Shouko) is the main role of Hana-Yaha, "Blumenhexe".Some Kitsune White, Ikkomaru and Nikomaru, who led through the pages of this romantic comedy as comics. They step most of their fox's time and have Fox if they take the human form. Shouko, on the other hand, almost never neverHe fox and rarely takes the shape of the fox.
Kitsune Cub Shippou is a main character who follows the story of an action that resembles the classic story of Gene Kuro.SHIPPOU is rare because there are messengers of Fox and Fox and Fox Foot.
Kazuma spirit of the lover?
A Kitsune puppy appears as a small character in a chapter.
The main character, Student Ninja Naruto, is the reincarnation of a powerful (and very bad) nine kitsune.
Yuu white paper
Youko Kurama (Minamino Shuuichi), a kitsune who was born in the body of a human child, is one of the main characters. The shape of the Kurama fox is a silver kitsune. It is not clear what the four roosters represent; in mythologyTraditional, they would mean that this would mean that Kurama has between four hundred five hundred years, but a comment from one of Kurama's former employees shows that Kurama is thousands of years.
An animated and well illustrated article about INI-Lunch and its relationship with Füchsen.Japanese Buddhist cornerBy Mark Schumacher, a fun and extensive reading.
(I have to add: The fourth photo is not a kitsune, it is a tanuki. The roof chain of the Morinji temple, to be more precise).
Kamstra, Jacques H. "The goddess who became a bodhisattva -fuchs: Inari".Bruno Lewin in honor: commemorative publication on the occasion of its 65th anniversary.Bochum: East Asia Science option at the University of Ruhr Bochum. 1989.
Opper, Morris E. and Robert Seid Hashima. "The goddess of rice and fox in Japanese religion and popular practice."American anthropologist48 (1): 43-53.1946.